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Wednesday, November 4, 2020 | History

3 edition of African fig trees and fig wasps found in the catalog.

African fig trees and fig wasps

Berg, C. C.

African fig trees and fig wasps

  • 181 Want to read
  • 26 Currently reading

Published by North-Holland in Amsterdam, New York .
Written in English

  • Africa.
    • Subjects:
    • Ficus (Plants) -- Africa.,
    • Fig -- Africa.,
    • Agaonidae -- Africa.,
    • Pollination by insects -- Africa.

    • Edition Notes

      Includes bibliographical references (p. 275-285) and indexes.

      StatementC.C. Berg and J.T. Wiebes.
      SeriesVerhandelingen Afdeling Natuurkunde. Tweede reeks / Koninklijke Nederlandse Akademie van Wetenschappen ;, d. 89, Verhandelingen der Koninklijke Nederlandsche Akademie van Wetenschappen, Afdeeling Natuurkunde., d. 89.
      ContributionsWiebes, J. T.
      LC ClassificationsQ57 .A533 d. 89, QK495.M73 .A533 d. 89
      The Physical Object
      Pagination298 p. :
      Number of Pages298
      ID Numbers
      Open LibraryOL1514410M
      ISBN 100444857419
      LC Control Number93198614

      Book Description. With a history as ancient as any cultivated fruit, many believe the fig has been with us even longer than the pomegranate. The Ficus constitutes one of the largest and hardiest genera of flowering plants featuring as many as species. Although the extraordinary mutualism between figs and their pollinating wasps has received much attention, the phylogeny of both partners is.

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African fig trees and fig wasps by Berg, C. C. Download PDF EPUB FB2

Paperback. The authors of this book present a synopsis of their knowledge about the figs and fig wasps of Africa and Madagascar. The biology of the intricate mutual relations, the taxonomy of Ficus in Africa and the taxonomy of the African fig wasps (especially the pollinators) are treated; an extensive bibliography is s: C.

Berg, J. Wiebes. African fig trees and fig wasps. [C C Berg; J T Wiebes] Home. WorldCat Home About WorldCat Help. Search. Search for Library Items Search for Lists Search for Book: All Authors / Contributors: C C Berg; J T Wiebes. Find more information about: ISBN:. Diversity and distribution of fig trees: Fig wasps Fig wasps and their diversity.

Fig wasp - fig tree mutualism. Biology of the interaction between fig wasps and fig trees Brochure of John and Sandra Burrows' fig book published in December Videos on figs and fig wasps: The fig community mourns the passing of. Buy African Fig Trees and Fig Wasps: NHBS - CC Berg and JT Wiebes, Edita - KNAW.

The life cycle of the fig wasp is closely intertwined with that of the fig tree it inhabits. The wasps that inhabit a particular tree can be divided into two groups; African fig trees and fig wasps book and nonpollinating.

The pollinating wasps are part of an obligate nursery pollination mutualism with the fig tree, while the non-pollinating wasps feed off the plant without benefiting : Insecta.

Berg & Wiebes ' book on African fig trees and fig wasps () forms the foundation for our taxonomic knowledge of fig wasps from the Afrotropical region, but as with any systematic treatise where work is ongoing this book was African fig trees and fig wasps book of date almost as soon as it was published.

Systematics of fig wasps is currently being worked on by a number of. Fig trees (Ficus spp.) are pollinated by small hymenopteran wasps that develop within the fig. In dioecious species, female wasps enter and pollinate `female' figs that produce only seeds and.

African parasitoid fig wasp diversification is a function of Ficus species ranges Article (PDF Available) in Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 57(1) October with Reads.

Figs grow on the Ficus tree (Ficus carica), which is a member of the Mulberry family. Ficus carica is an Asian species of flowering plants in the mulberry family, known as the common fig. Wild fig trees first grew in Africa and West Asia and South Asia and around the Mediterranean Sea beginning probably about a hundred million years ago, in the time of the dinosaurs.

The Nearly Magical Properties of Fig Trees. As my new book Gods, Wasps and Stranglers* shows, humanity has long benefited from these trees. The trees are not as cold hardy as the common fig Ficus Carica.

They are usually grown in the warmer regions of the Middle east and Africa. The Sycamore fig was mentioned a few times in the bible. Amos 7: I was neither a prophet nor a prophet’s son, but I was a. Read more: Mugumo fig trees have played many curious roles in Kenya, from wartime lookout post to clandestine post office, from conduit of divine power to symbol of society.

In the story I tell in my book, Ladders to Heaven (published in North America as Gods, Wasps and Stranglers), they star alongside a queen, a seer and the most wanted man. Wild fig trees first grew in Africa and West Asia and South Asia and around the The big advantage to farming figs is that wild figs can only reproduce when tiny wasps get inside the fruit to get the pollen.

People can reproduce figs by planting small branches from a tree to grow new trees, and in that way people can eat figs without the. After failed attempts, wild fig trees that carried fig wasps were successfully introduced to California on 6 Aprilto permit production of Smyrna-type figs.

The most popular cultivar of Smyrna-type fig is Calimyrna, being a name that combines "California" and "Smyrna". The cultivar, however, is not one that was produced by a breeding Family: Moraceae. Read more about fig trees in my book Ladders to Heaven (published in North America as Gods, Wasps and Stranglers).

For a summary and reviews from Annie Proulx, Deborah Blum, Michael Pollan, Sy Montgomery, Simran Sethi, David George Haskell and others, visit this page. C.C. Berg is the author of Penulisan Sejarah Jawa ( avg rating, 2 ratings, 0 reviews, published ), African Fig Trees And Fig Wasps ( avg rati /5(3).

His new book about fig trees is out now (published in the UK as Ladders to Heaven and in North America as Gods, Wasps and Stranglers).

Join over six million BBC. Ficus modesta F. White and Ficus cyathistipula cyathistipula Warburg are recorded for the first time from Mozambique. The new records from Mount Namuli in Zambezia Province extend the known distribution of F. modesta km east and that of F.

cyathistipula km southeast. Fig species richness for Mozambique is elevated to 35 species, which thus compares favourably with neighbouring by: These pictures and their accompanying text are taken from a beautiful old book on tree identification written by R.

Barbe Baker, the self-styled founder of the wonderfully-named The Men of the Trees, an organisation I know nothing about, but wish I had belonged to.

The book came out in the s, so all of it is now copyright free. Diversity. Wasps are a diverse group, estimated at over a hundred thousand described species around the world, and a great many more as yet undescribed.

For example, there are over species of fig trees, mostly in the tropics, and almost all of these has its own specific fig wasp (Chalcidoidea) to effect pollination. Many wasp species are parasitoids; the females deposit eggs on or in a Class: Insecta.

Fig trees were first cultivated in western Asia and the eastern Mediterranean more than 5, years ago. These trees are drought-tolerant, simple to propagate, and produces two fruit crops each year.

While it can grow to a height of 15 to 30 feet tall, these trees take well to pruning and can be grown in a container to limit its height to 10 : Popoptiq.

Another good example is the fig wasp which is the only pollinator of a wide variety of fig trees. Wasps are also a widespread pest in human dwellings. Wasp stings are not only painful but can trigger allergic reactions in some people. Predatory and parasitoid wasps are an economic pest in industries such as beekeeping and forestry.

Summary Of Which Figs Grew In The Middle East. An excellent article entitled "The History of the Fig in the Holy Land from Ancient Times to the Present" was written by Asaph Goor in Economic Botany ().

The fig species discussed by Goor is the common edible fig (Ficus carica).This tree was cultivated for its fruit more than 5, years ago and is native to the region between the.

The common fig's female trees produce the "edible" fig multiple fruits. Fig wasps grow in caprifigs but not in the multiple fruits of the female trees because the wasps are physically unable to lay their eggs in the long female flowers. Nonetheless, female fig wasps enter the female multiple fruits with the apparent intention of laying their.

Fig Wasp—Fig Mismatch. Before the Brazilian fig wasp from the Crato Formation was found, a fossilized fig wasp dated about 34 million years old, found on the Isle of Wight inwas believed to correspond “closely” to the time the fig plant presumably evolved, tying the two together in a package as neat as the fig wasp’s life cycle fits into the fig : Dr.

Elizabeth Mitchell. In this lively and joyous book, Shanahan recounts the epic journeys of tiny fig wasps, whose eighty-million-year-old relationship with fig trees has helped them sustain more species of birds and mammals than any other trees; the curious habits of fig-dependent rhinoceros hornbills; figs’ connection to Krishna and Buddha, Jesus and Muhammad Brand: Chelsea Green Publishing.

Run, Don’t Walk: $13Fiddle Leaf Fig TreesAre Back at Aldi Houseplant lovers are rushing to Aldi tochase an amazing deal: $13 for indoorplants like fiddle leaf figs and snake plants. The sale is part of a weekly special thatruns October 23th through October 29th.

Each plant comes in a textured gray or whitedecorative pot with a inch plastic pot inside. Each species of fig – and there are nearly 1, of them recorded – has evolved with its own species of pollinating fig wasp.

They are very small – less than 2mm long in most cases, and. The robust Male wasps develop first and fertilize the young Female wasps. They then burrow through the wall of the fig allowing oxygen in.

The young female wasps then, unintentionally, load pollen from the male flowers, escape from the fig and make their way to.

Abstract. The fig tree - fig wasp mutualism has long been considered to be strictly species-specific: each fig tree species is obligatorily pollinated by one fig wasp species, and each wasp species can only reproduce in one fig by: There are over named varieties of fig trees, but many of them are of no use to home gardeners.

All of the varieties fall into four fig types: Caprifigs – Caprifigs only produce male flowers and never bear fruit. Their only purpose is to pollinate female fig trees. Smyrna – Smyrna figs bear all female flowers. They have to be pollinated.

Figs and fig wasps Brochure of John and Sandra Burrows' fig book published in December Video on figs and fig wasps A 26 minute film by Georges Michaloud An initiative funded in part by the South African National Research Foundation under grant number (GUN ) Web page development and text by Simon van Noort (Iziko South African Museum).

Figs, the Ficus trees, are an understudied genus in modern pharmacognosy. This book present a multidisciplinary approach to the botany, chemistry, and pharmacology of fig trees and figs of the Ficus species, including the fig of commerce, Ficus carica, the rubber tree, Ficus elastic, and the Bo tree, Ficus religiosa.

Traditional and current. Ladders to Heaven tells the story of an amazing group of plants that have affected humanity in profound but little-known ways – by shaping our world, nourishing our bodies and feeding our imaginations. They are the fig trees and the best could be yet to come.

These trees could help us restore damaged forests, protect rare wildlife and limit climate change. For easy fig tree maintenance, you should choose fig trees that are free of root-knot nematodes. Fig tree maintenance is not a lot of work. Fig trees like full sunlight and adequate room for growth.

You can plant your growing fig trees about 15 to 20 feet apart. If you are going to train your trees to be bushes instead, plant them 10 feet apart. Gall Flowers In Figs. Does The Fig Wasp Really Produce A Gall. Although some authors refer to the "fruit-like" structures on wild fig trees (Ficus) as galls, they are actually specialized structures called syconia bearing minute male and female flowers on the inside.A tiny female wasp enters an opening (ostiole) on the syconium to pollinate the flowers and lay her eggs inside the short-style.

Figs Of The Holy Land not present in the Holy Land, an ovipositing, nonpollinator wasp does induce parthenocarpic fruits containing wasps instead of seeds.

The ancient technique of gashing also induces edible, parthenocarpic fig fruits that enlarge and ripen rapidly before the wasps inside mature. Sacred Fig Trees In Other Parts Of The World F. Fig–fig wasp. Fig trees, plants of the genus Ficus, are a keystone species in many ecosystems and are found on every continent, with the exception of Antartica.

There are species of fig identified and an estimated – fig wasp species in existence. Mexican Honey Wasp: Small Honey Makers that are not Bees Much like a honey bee the Mexican Honey Wasp does make their own version of the golden sweet nectar filled deliciousness called HONEY. Recently I posted this image on my Instagram Feed.

Caption from Instagram Photo: “Today we had an exciting call. A fellow beekeeping Continue reading Mexican Honey Wasp: Good or Bad. Only 22 from several thousand figs produced in by one tree of Ficus lutea grown as an ornamental in South Africa appeared to have been pollinated.

Data are presented on 6 species of Hymenoptera that were reared from the figs, including notes on their normal Ficus host species and their ecology as pollinators or seed feeders. It was found that, in contrast to the normal pattern of extreme Cited by:. Figs (Ficus spp., Moraceae) and their pollinating wasps (Agaonidae, Chalcidoidea) constitute perhaps the most tightly integrated pollination mutualism that is are characterized by extraordinarily high global and local species diversity.

It has been proposed that the diversification of this mutualism has occurred through strict-sense coadaptation and cospeciation between pairs of fig. When, Why And How To Pinching Fig Trees To Force Early Fruiting - Duration: The Millennial Gardener Recommended for you.

How to Grow a Fig Tree from a Cutting. Fig stats/requirements at a glance Ease of Raising: 2/5 Weekly check-ups Water: /5 Every second day/bi-weekly Sun: 4/5 Full sun, will tolerate some shade Training: /5 Minimal to maintenance pruning Fertilise/Feeding: /5 Monthly-fortnightly Time to Harvest: 5/5 Forever, 5+ months Frost Hardiness: 3/4 Very hardy once established, can’t cope black frost Uses Culinary Most .